Upgrade Oracle Database from 11g to 12c

  1. Download Oracle 12c software fromhttp://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/downloads/database12c-linux-download-1959253.html

    unzip files:

    unzip linuxamd64_12102_database_1of2.zip
    unzip linuxamd64_12102_database_2of2.zip
  2. Make another home for 12c.
    mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dblb
  3. Change permissions for /u01 directory.  If 11g home is also located in /u01 you have already done the steps bellow. Just check that permissions are the following:
    chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
    chmod -R 775 /u01
  4. Change the following parameters in response file, other parameters just leave blank.
    Response file is located in installation directory… extract_drectory/database/response/db_install.rsp

  5. Go to the 12c installation folder  and run runInstaller, to install 12c home:
     ./runInstaller -silent -responseFile /install/database/response/db_install.rsp  -waitforcompletion -showProgress

    When it asks , connect to the server via root user and run

  6. At this time your database should be turned on from 11g home. Connect to the database via SYS user and run the following scripts: emremove.sql will remove EM repository. olspreupgrade.sql will run preupgrade scripts

    You should also purge the recyclebin. For reducing upgrade time.

    Note: these scripts should be run to the open database , that is turned on by 11g

    export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dblb
     sqlplus / as sysdba
     purge recyclebin;
  7. Run DBUA from 12c home to upgrade existing database
    export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dblb
    /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dblb/bin/dbua -silent \
    -sid ORCL \
    -oracleHome /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dblb \
    -diagnosticDest /u01/app/oracle \
    -recompile_invalid_objects true \
    -degree_of_parallelism 40 \
    -upgradeTimezone \
    -emConfiguration NONE \
    -keepHiddenParams \
    -gatheringStatistics \
    -upgrade_parallelism 40
  8. To check that everything was upgraded successfully, after successful message from the previous command, check the following:
    cat /etc/oratab
    cat /u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/inventory.xml

    Update the following parameters in your  .bash_profile:

     export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dblb
     export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dblb/lib
  9. Network file configuration. Stop listener that was previously started from 11g. Move listener.ora and tnsnames.ora files to 12c home and rename them in old location. Start the listener from 12c home.
    /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dblb/bin/lsnrctl stop
    cp /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dblb/network/admin/listener.ora /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dblb/network/admin
    cp /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dblb/network/admin/tnsnames.ora /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dblb/network/admin
    mv /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dblb/network/admin/tnsnames.ora /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dblb/network/admin/tnsnames.ora.old
    mv /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dblb/network/admin/listener.ora /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dblb/network/admin/listener.ora.old
    /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dblb/bin/lsnrctl start
  10. Connect to the database using 12c home and check again the version in v$instance view:
    export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dblb
    sqlplus / as sysdba
    select instance_name,version,status
    from v$instance;
  11. If you want to deinstall 11g home run the following :

About Mariami Kupatadze
Oracle Certified Master Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/mariami-kupatadze-01074722/

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