How To Configure Network Interfaces in Solaris

I will discuss how to change existing interface by another one.

I have interface ce0 and want it to change with ce5.

1. Stop the interface

# ifconfig ce0 down

2. Unplumb the interface

# ifconfig ce0 unplumb

3. Plumb another interface

# ifconfig ce5 plumb

4. Configure the interface

# ifconfig ce5 netmask

5. Start the interface

# ifconfig ce5 up

This changes are not permanent, it will be lost after reboot. To make it permanent:

1. Edit the file /etc/hosts and enter IPs for each interface, but include different names.

For example,


In my case I have just one(because, I am not adding interface but changing)


2. edit the file(s) /etc/hostname.<interface>

# cat /etc/hostname.ce0

# cat /etc/hostname.ce5

In my case I have just the last one.

Install Oracle ODBC on Solaris(Unix)_Connect Oracle_to_SQL_Server

I’ve searched a lot of software for to connect Oracle and SQL Server databases. There are a lot of software, but I couldn’t use any of them except DataDirect ODBC. Unfortunately, this soft is not free. I couldn’t find any free software that works on unix.

Let’s start installation.

1. Download DataDirect ODBC driver from here.

Choose your appropriate system(64-bit UNIX/Linux, 32-bit UNIX/Linux,…). After you choose it, there will appear Registration region. Fill it with your information and when you see the following section, do as it is shown on the picture:

DataDirect Registration Region

I chose Oracle, SQL Server and Solaris SPARC…Because I am trying to connect Oracle Database to SQL Server Database, note Oracle Database is installed on Solaris SPARC.

2.  Extract Downloaded file:



3. Go to the extracted file and run the following:

# ./unixmi.ksh

Is this the current operating system on your machine (Y/N) ? [Y] PRESS ENTER



EULA - Connect Products (revised 2/21/11)

Enter YES to accept the above agreement : YES


In the Key field, enter either EVAL or the Key provided.

Fill it with your registration information. I am writing EVAL because I just want to try it.

Name          :Mariam
Company       :JSC Bank of Georgia
Serial Number :EVAL
Key           :EVAL


1.   Drivers for All Supported Databases
2.   Single Driver
Please enter an option [1]: 2

1.   DB2 Wire Protocol
2.   dBASE
3.   Greenplum Wire Protocol
4.   Informix Wire Protocol
5.   MySQL Wire Protocol
6.   Oracle Wire Protocol
7.   PostgreSQL Wire Protocol
8.   SQL Server Wire Protocol
9.   Sybase Wire Protocol
10.  Teradata
11.  Text
12.  Informix (client)
13.  Oracle (client)
14.  SQL Server Legacy Wire Protocol

Please enter driver option: 8

To change this information, enter C. Otherwise, press Enter to continue. : PRESS ENTER
Enter the full path to the temporary install directory.[/tmp]:PRESS ENTER
Enter the full path to the install directory.[/opt/Progress/DataDirect/Connect_for_ODBC_61]: PRESS ENTER
Would you like to install another product (Y/N) ? [Y] N


Installation ended successfully.

3. Configure odbc.ini file, located in /opt/Progress/DataDirect/Connect_for_ODBC_61.

There will be written some information when you open this file, but the following entries are enough:

Description=SQL Server ODBC driver

Note I have changed the following values:

MS_SQLServer2000 – is your desired name, name it as you wish.(Will be used later)
Description – Just a descriptive text, write what you wish.
Database – Name of the SQL Server Database.
Address – Ip address of the server on which SQL Server Database is installed. 1433 is a default port for SQL Server.  Ensure that this port is opened on  firewall(Or you will not  be able to connect SQL Server)

4. Tnsnames.ora



DB_NAME_ALIAS – is your desired name.
DB_NAME – Is SQL Server Database name
1522 – Is any free port, If you have multiple listeners on the server(where Oracle is installed) choose any port that is available. – Ip of the server, where Oracle is installed

5. listener.ora

       (ADDRESS_LIST =
        (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = tcp)(HOST = = 1522))

     (PROGRAM= hsodbc)

Underlined entry is very important, or you will get  ORA-28500 error.

6.  Go to  the following directory: $ORACLE_HOME/hs/admin

There will be the file called inithsodbc.ora, copy that file and rename it like this: initDB_NAME_ALIAS.ora

# This is a sample agent init file that contains the HS parameters that are
# needed for an ODBC Agent.

# HS init parameters
set ODBCINI=/opt/Progress/DataDirect/Connect_for_ODBC_61/odbc.ini
# Environment variables required for the non-Oracle system

7.  Start the listener.

Before starting listener, ensure that ODBC lib directory is specified in the shared library environment variable:


After that we can start listener:

$ lsnrctl start LISTENER_DB_NAME_ALIAS

8. Create database link:

SQL> create database link LINK_NAME     
     connect to “username”     
     identified by “password”     
     using ‘DB_NAME_ALIAS’;


username– is the user in SQL Server Database.
password – is its password

Do not forget to use quotas(“”).

9. Check if it works

SQL> select * from dual@LINK_NAME;


That’s it Smile

Oracle 10g RAC Single Node Installation on Solaris 10

1. Pre-Installation Tasks

Create oracle user and appropriate groups

First of all, you should have already mounted /u0 on some slice of disk. If you don’t know how to mount directory on disk Smile click here.

Go to the folder /u0 and create the following directories.

cd /u0 mkdir –p app/oracle

Create oinstall and dba groups.

groupadd oinstall groupadd dba

Create oracle user and assign it oinstall and dba groups.

useradd –s /bin/ksh –d /u0/app/oracle –g oinstall –G dba oracle

-s option  specifies the user default  shell (i.e. Korn shell) ,
-d option specifies the home directory for oracle user (i.e.  /opt/app/oracle ) ,
-g option specifies the primary group (i.e. oinstall)
-G option specifies the secondary  group (i.e. dba)

Make oracle user as the owner of app folder.

chown –R oracle:oinstall app

Change the password for oracle user.

passwd oracle

Configuring SSH

Create RSA and DSA keys on each node.

Log in as the oracle user and go to the ORACLE_BASE directory(For me oracle_base directory is /u0/app/oracle).

mkdir .ssh

Generating RSA and DSA keys.

/usr/bin/ssh-keygen -t rsa /usr/bin/ssh-keygen -t dsa

Add keys to an authorized key file, this file should exist in .ssh directory. If it doesn’t exist, create it. Change your direction to .ssh directory and run the following.

ssh charly1 cat /u0/app/oracle/.ssh/ >> authorized_keys ssh charly1 cat /u0/app/oracle/.ssh/ >> authorized_keys

Enabling ssh user equivalency.

/usr/bin/ssh-agent $SHELL /usr/bin/ssh-add

To prevent Oracle clusterware installation errors caused by stty commands, add the following text in oracle user’s profile (you should change your directory to oracle home directory and open “.profile” for editing).

if [ -t 0 ]; then stty intr ^C fi

Network Requirements

We should create second IP interface.
Open or create the file /etc/hostname.e100g1 and enter the following text:


Add the following entries into /etc/host file:           Host1 loghost   Host1-priv          Host1-vip

Where is a private IP address and is a virtual IP address of the server.

Connect as a root user and create /etc /hosts.equiv file. Then open this file for editing and enter the following text:

Host1 oracle

Configuring Kernel Parameters

To add the system parameters open /etc/system file and add the following entries:

set shmsys:shminfo_shmmax = 4294967295 set shmsys:shminfo_shmmin = 1 set shmsys:shminfo_shmmni = 100 set shmsys:shminfo_shmseg = 10 set semsys:seminfo_semmni = 100 set semsys:seminfo_semmns = 1024 set semsys:seminfo_semmsl = 256 set md:mirrored_root_flag=1 set noexec_user_stack=1

Identifying Required Software Directories

Creating an Oracle Base Directory

mkdir -p /u0/app/oracle chown -R oracle:oinstall /u0/app/oracle chmod -R 775 /u0/app/oracle

Creating the Oracle Clusterware Home Directory

mkdir -p /u0/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs chown -R root:oinstall /u0/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs chmod -R 775 /u0/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs

2. Installing Oracle Clusterware

First of all, you should download Oracle Clusterware from the oracle site.

Verifying Oracle Clusterware Requirements with CVU

Extract downloaded file and run file, which should be located in clusterware/cluvfy folder.

./ comp nodecon -n Host1 –verbose

Installing Oracle Clusterware with OUI

Initialize the devices that you want to use for the Oracle Cluster Registry (OCR) and Voting Disk(VD)

1.Voting file– uses by the cluster synchronization service deamons for monitoring information across the cluster. It’s size around 20MB(use format utility and reserve 200MB on 5th slice)

2. Oracle cluster registry(OCR file) it maintain information about the high-availability components such as cluster node list, CRS application profiles(Virtual interconnect protocol address, services). It’s size around 200MB(use format utility and reserve on 7th slice)

For voting disk

dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/rdsk/c5t200g35A100TK170Ta00ds5 bs=125829120 count=1 chown oracle:dba /dev/rdsk/c5t200g35A100TK170Ta00ds5
chmod 660 /dev/rdsk/c5t200g35A100TK170Ta00ds5


dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/rdsk/c5t200g35A100TK170Ta00ds7 bs=125829120 count=1 chown root:dba /dev/rdsk/c5t200g35A100TK170Ta00ds7
chmod 660 /dev/rdsk/c5t200g35A100TK170Ta00ds7

Connect as the oracle user and run, located in CRS installation.


Specify Inventory Directory and Credentials

Specify Home Details

Product-Specific Prerequisite Checks

Specify Cluster Configuration

Specify Network Interface Usage

Specify OCR Location

Specify Voting Disk Location and

Run these scripts and then click OK.


Now we should run ./vipca and configure Host1-vip virtual ip address(

Go to the installation window, click ok and retry install failed component.

Installing Oracle database files


Select Installation Type

Specify Home Details

Specify Hardware Cluster Installation Node

Product-Specific Prerequisite Ckecks

Select Configuration Option


Run script and click OK, then click Exit button.

Configure oracle listener by netca.

Configuring ASM


Configure ASM

ASM diskgroups

ASM Instance

{ORACLE_HOME}/dbs/spfile+ASM error

DBCA will create and start ASM

No diskgroups

Run the following command, for to make oracle user owner for the following disk slice

chown oracle:oinstall /dev/rdsk/c5156D778A145a11d0s6

DG_DATA Disk group Name

Choose Disk group

Perform Another Operation Alert

Creating database using DBCA

DBCA RAC Database

DBCA Create a Database

Choose Node

DBCA general purpose

Global Database Name

Click Next>> and check/uncheck Configure the Database with Enterprise Manager.

Specific Passwords for accounts


SYS password for ASM Alert

Choose Disk Group


Enable Archiving

Sample Schemas

DBCA Memory tab

DBCA General tab

DBCA Create Database

Enabling/disabling MPxIO(multipathing) for Solaris 10

In this post, there is  discussed the steps how to enable or disable multipathing for Sun Solaris with HP storage systems.

Solaris MPxIO enables the storage device to be accessed by multiple host controller interfaces from a single OS interface. If one of the I/O controller fails MPxIO architecture automatically switches to another available one.

1. The file to enable or disable multipathing in Solaris 10 is /kernel/drv/ scsi_vhci.conf.

The following entry in this file, means that mpxio is enabled.


If you want to disable it, write “yes” instead of “no”.


2. Enter the devfsadm command to build the appropriate device files.

#devfsadm –C

3. Run the following command.

# stmsboot –e

4. Reboot the system.

To check if everything is OK, use format utility or run the following command.

# stmsboot –L

It will show you non-STMS device names and its appropriate  STMS device names.

Installing Solaris 10 on VirtualBox(In Win7)

For test purposes you may need to install Solaris on virtual box. Here is very simple steps how to do this:

1. First of all, you should have installed VirtualBox. Or download it from here VirtualBox.

2. Then download VirtualBox Appliance Image Solaris 10 10/09 . For this you may need free registration.

Extract downloaded file. In an extracted folder you should see the file named Solaris_10_u8.ovf

Open VirtualBox, from the menu bar choose File->Import Appliance(Or simply click Ctrl+I), click Choose button and select Solaris_10_u8.ovf file, click Next and you will see the following picture:


Click Finish and wait for a while.

If importing fails by the following error (or similar):

Virtual Box Error

It means that you may have a corrupted Solaris_10_u8.ovf  file. Delete existing file and  redownload it, or retry to extract.

If everything is OK, you should see the following picture:



 Solaris 10 Installation



Click Esc-2 to continue or F2 it depends.

Type the network interface name, or leave the default(press Enter).


Click F2.


Click F2.

Type the name of the host, in our example hostname is host1.


Click F2.

Type the IP of the server.


Click F2.

My system is part of a subnet, that’s why I am indicating option YES.


Click F2.

Type the netmask.


Click F2.


Click F2.

Choose Specify One  to type  IP address of the default route yourself.


Click F2.

Type the IP address of the default route.


Click F2.

Confirm the information, if it is correct and click F2.



Click F2, Confirm the following information and click F2.

Choose the name service, I am choosing None.


Click F2, Confirm the following information and click F2.


Click F2, Confirm the following information and click F2.

Choose your time zone, I am choosing Asia:


Click F2 and choose your country or region, I am choosing Georgia.


Click F2, Confirm the following informations and click again F2.

Type the password of the server.


Click F2. It will reboot itself.

After a reboot, type root as a login name and its password(which we have set before).

That’s is all. I hope it was helpful for you, or partially helpful.